INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Microalgae track record

General Habitat
Additional
Characterisation
Scale of Production
Cultivation System
Growth Condition
Salinity
pH
Temperature
Main Product
Main Product
Application
Co-Product
Co-Product
Application

Arthrospira platensis

Freshwater
Cultured in high alkalinity
Industrial
Open systems
Extremophile; Carbonate rich water; Low shear stress
-
9.5 - 10.5
30 - 35 °C
Whole-cell (protein source)
Food ingredient; Dietary supplement
Phycocyanin
Food colorant; Reagents (fluorescent markers)

Chlamydomonas sp.

Freshwater
Wild-type and GMO strains; Model strain; Mixotrophic and autotrophic growth
Pilot
Closed systems
Mesophilic; Low shear stress
-
7.5 - 8.5
25 - 30 °C
Recombinant proteins; Fine chemical biosynthesis
Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics industry
Terpenoids; other GM designer products
Biofuels; Research

Chlorella vulgaris

Freshwater
Autotrophic, Mixotrophic and Heterotrophic growth
Industrial
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
-
6.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
Whole-cell (protein source)
Food ingredient; Dietary supplement
Lutein
Dietary supplement; Feed

Dunaliella salina

Hypersaline water
Halophilic; Stress phase required for β-carotene production
Demonstration
Open and closed systems
Extremophile; Low shear stress
90 - 120 g/L
7.0 - 8.0
25 - 35 °C
β-carotene
Food supplement (provitamin A - antiinflammatory effect); Food colorant; Additive for feed (provitamin A)
Glycerol
Biofuels; Chemical Industries

Haematococcus pluvialis

Freshwater
Stress phase required for Astaxanthin production
Industrial
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
-
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
Astaxanthin
Food supplement - antioxidant, restores UV damage; Feed additive - pigment enhancer for fish

Lobosphaera incisa

Freshwater
Induction phase required for Arachidonic acid (ARA) accumulation
Pilot
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
-
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
ARA
Food supplement for infants (Omega-6)

Nannochloropsis oceanica

Marine
Induction phase for neutral lipids accumulation
Industrial
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
20 - 40 g/L
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
Whole-cell
Aquaculture
EPA (Omega-3)
Food supplement - brain development for children, cardiovascular health

Phaeodactylum tricornutum

Marine
No silicium requirement
Demonstration
Closed systems
Mesophilic
30 - 35 g/L
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
EPA (Omega-3)
Food supplement - brain development for children, cardiovascular health
Fucoxanthin
Food supplement - antioxidant, restores UV damage; Feed additive - antioxidants, pigment enhancer

Prorocentrum cassubicum

Marine
Silicium requirement
Pilot
Closed systems
Mesophilic; Low shear stress
30 - 35 g/L
7.0 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
EPA and DHA (Omega-3)
Food supplement
Algae meal; Protein hydrolysate
Pet food; Aquaculture Biostimulants; Biofertilizers

Raphidonema sp.

Freshwater
Cryophilic
Pilot
Closed systems
Cryophilic
-
7.5 - 8.5
4 -12 °C
EPA (Omega-3)
Food supplement
Algae meal; Protein hydrolysate
Pet food; Aquaculture; Biostimulants; Biofertilizers

Scenedesmus sp.

Freshwater
Induction phase for Lutein accumulation
Industrial
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
-
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
Lutein
Dietary supplement; Feed
Whole-cell
Biofuels; Research

Scotiellopsis sp.

Freshwater
-
Pilot
Closed systems
Mesophilic
-
7.0 - 8.5
25 - 30 °C
Whole-cell
Bio-fungicide in agriculture
Whole-cell
Pet food; Aquaculture; Biostimulants; Biofertilizers

Synechococcus sp. pcc 7002

Brackish water
Wild-type and GMO strains; B12 requirement
Pilot
Closed systems
Mesophilic; Halotolerant
0 - 120 g/L
7.5 - 8.5
30 - 37 °C
Phycocyanin
Food colorant
GM designer products; Organic acids
Biofuels; Research

Synechocystis sp. pcc 6803

Freshwater
Wild-type and GMO strains
Pilot
Closed systems
Mesophilic; Halotolerant
0 - 120 g/L
7.5 - 8.5
25 - 30 °C
Phycocyanin
Food colorant; Reagents (fluorescent markers)
GM designer products; Organic acids; Zeaxanthin
Biofuels; Research; Food colorant

Tetraselmis sp.

Marine
Accumulate carbohydrates in the form of starch after N starvation
Pilot
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
-
7.0 - 8.5
25 - 30 °C
Carbohydrates
Bioethanol
Whole-cell
Pet food; Aquaculture; Biostimulants; Biofertilizers

Thalassiosira weissflogii

Marine
Silicium requirement
Demonstration
Open and closed systems
Mesophilic
30 - 35 g/L
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
Whole-cell
Aquaculture
EPA and DHA (Omega-3)
Food supplement - brain development for children, cardiovascular health; Feed supplement

Tisochrysis lutea

Marine
Formerly known as Isochrysis galbana T-iso
Demonstration
Closed systems
Mesophilic; Low shear stress
30 - 35 g/L
7.5 - 8.5
20 - 30 °C
Whole-cell
Aquaculture
EPA; Fucoxanthin
Food and Feed supplementation