Dec 2013 - Dec 2017

Cultivation and biorefinery for Dunaliella

The aim of the D-Factory is to set a world benchmark for a sustainable algal biorefinery. With this purpose, a showcase of biorefinery will be set up and used as a robust manifestation for the business case for global investment in algae biorefineries and in large-scale production of microalgae using photobioreactors, algal raceways and lakes. Designs, flowsheets and integrated schemes along with sustainability assessments will produce benchmarks for a wide range of products and paths. These are being used in the D-Factory business case developed to raise investment for the first prototype D-Factory in Europe, by reaching several stakeholders across the globe via the Innovation Platform created.  

Microalgae species: Dunaliella salina and Dunaliella bardawil




10 M€


48 months


University of Greenwich (Coordinator), UK

Dynamic Extractions, UK

EVODOS, Netherlands

Hafren Investments Ltd, UK

Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica, Portugal

Institute for Energy and Environmental Research Heidelberg, Gmbh, Germany

IN S.r.l., Italy

Marine Biological Association, UK

NATECO2 GmbH & Co. KG, Germany

National Technical University of Athens, Greece

Nature Beta Technologies, Ltd, Israel

SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Sweden

A4F Role

A4F was involved in the feedstock production, including the design of a D-Factory cultivation module for industrial-scale operations, e.g. a pilot algal cultivation unit which can be replicated at industry scale, suitable for hypersaline water. Furthermore, A4F adapted the tubular photobioreactor for the production of sensible strains, like Dunaliella.